What Happened In Singapore In Ww2
Harry stodgen built a christian cross out of a used artillery shell.
What happened in singapore in ww2. World war ii in singapore began on 8 december 1941 when japanese planes dropped the first bombs on the island killing 61 and injuring 133 people. Sensing the nation s vulnerability and lack of defence preparations by the british japanese troops began their invasion from the north in malaya and eventually reached the shores of singapore on 8 february 1942. Shōnan tō was the name for singapore when it was occupied and ruled by the empire of japan following the fall and surrender of british military forces on 15 february 1942 during world war ii. Allied pows mainly australians built a chapel at the prison in 1944 using simple tools and found materials.
Shōnan officially syonanto japanese. Another british pow sgt. They were wined and dined the darlings of the army she says. The fall of singapore was a military defeat that ushered in years of horror for australian prisoners of war.
Japanese military forces occupied it after defeating the combined british indian australian and. When the war ended singapore reverted to british control with increasing levels of self government being granted culminating in singapore s merger with the federation of malaya to form malaysia in 1963. After the war the chapel was dismantled and shipped to australia while the cross. The british return to singapore after the end of world war ii and begin the british military administration of the straits settlements under the command of lord louis mountbatten.
In fact a large percentage of the resistance funds came from the straits chinese mainly singapo. Before the massacre ms silver says the australian nurses had a carefree happy life in singapore until the end of 1941. Singapore was the major british military base in south east asia and was the key to british imperial interwar defence planning for south east asia and the south west. The main reason was that the singapore chinese gave a lot of money arms and troops to both the kmt and the chinese communists to fight the japanese.
It was also a capitulation with profound strategic consequences. The british army of 85 000 men was led by lieutenant general arthur percival while the japanese regiment of 36 000 men was headed by lieutenant general tomoyuki yamashita. The battle of singapore was fought january 31 to february 15 1942 during world war ii 1939 1945 between the british and japanese armies. The battle of singapore also known as the fall of singapore was fought in the south east asian theatre of world war ii when the empire of japan invaded the british stronghold of singapore nicknamed the gibraltar of the east.
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